Monday, August 24, 2020

Alfred Stieglitz Essay -- Biography Biographies Essays

Alfred Stieglitz Works Cited Missing Alfred Stieglitz was a powerful picture taker who went through his time on earth battling for the acknowledgment of photography as a substantial fine art. He was a spearheading picture taker, supervisor and exhibition proprietor who assumed vital job in characterizing and molding innovation in the United States. (Lowe 23). He took pictures in when photography was considered as just a logical interest and not a workmanship. As the contention over the workmanship estimation of photography got across the board, Stieglitz started to battle for the acknowledgment of his picked medium. This fight would last as long as he can remember. Edward Stieglitz, father of Alfred, was conceived in Germany in 1833. He experienced childhood with a homestead, cherished nature, and was a craftsman on a fundamental level. Legend has it that, autonomous and solid willed, Edward Stieglitz fled from home at sixteen years old since his mom demanded after treating his shirt after he had implored her not to (Lowe 23). Edward would later meet Hedwig Warner and they would have their first child, Alfred. Alfred was the first of six destined to his father Edward and mother Hedwig. As a kid Alfred was recognized as a kid with thick dark hair, huge dull eyes, pale fine skin, a carefully displayed mouth with a solid jaw (Peterson 34). In 1871 the Stieglitz family inhabited 14 East 60th road in Manhattan. No structures stood between Central Park and the Stieglitz family home. As Stieglitz got more established he began to show enthusiasm for photography, posting each photograph he could find on his room divider. It wasn't until he got more seasoned that his photography interest start to assume responsibility for his life. Stieglitz officially began photography at nineteen years old, during his first a long time at the Berlin Polytechnic School. As of now photography was in its outset as an artistic expression. Alfred took in the expressive arts of photography by viewing a nearby picture taker in Berlin working in the store's dim room. In the wake of making a couple of photos of his room and himself, he took a crack at a photochemistry course. This is the place his photography profession would start. His soonest open acknowledgment originated from England and Germany. It started in 1887 when Stieglitz won the first of his numerous first prizes in an opposition. The adjudicator who gave him the honor was Dr. P.H. Emerson, at that point the most broadly referred to English backer of photography as a craftsmanship (Doty 23). Dr. Emerson later wrot... ...raphers. When the new century rolled over, another class of inventive people, called painter- picture taker rose. This gathering satisfied Stieglitz' s dream for pictorial photography. Its essence gave the development people who were prepared in the built up expressions and who legitimized the aesthetic cases of pictorial photography by the way that they were willing to utilize the photographic medium. The very term painter picture taker was made up concerning Frank Eugene who worked all the while with Stieglitz in media for 10 years. Eugene went to a German expressive arts foundation, and painted showy pictures of the United States. In 1889 he mounted an independent presentation of pictorial photos at the Camera Club of New York, which, distinctly, was surveyed in Camera Notes as painting photography (Norman 23). All in all Stieglitz's battle for photography formed into new thoughts for people in the future. He kept on making his own analyses and to safeguard crafted by others likewise kicking off something new. The magazines he altered, similar to the exhibitions he established, quickly became dynamic purposes of contact among craftsman and open and a battleground for new thoughts.

Saturday, August 22, 2020

The Millers Tale Essay Example For Students

The Millers Tale Essay The Millers Tale is ostensibly Chaucers best work of amusingness and it finds some kind of harmony among indecency and foulness. The setting of the Millers Tale is conventional and in this manner we identify with it and isn't amusing. The subtleties offer verisimilitude to the story. Be that as it may, the principle parts of amusingness in The Millers Tale are the four characters and how they respond with one another. First John, the woodworker. He is an extremely cliché craftsman in those occasions who weds a young lady for her excellence so she can share his wealth. He is rich however inept and his ineptitude and naïveté gives the opportunity to the primary handy joke of the story to happen. John can be contrasted and the Miller a case of Johns ineptitude which makes the story amusing is on line 119 He knew nat Catoun, for his mind was impolite this lets us know legitimately that he was inconsiderate. He is likewise truly naïve which additionally carries diversion to the story. We will compose a custom article on The Millers Tale explicitly for you for just $16.38 $13.9/page Request now We can see this in the manner that he trusts Nicholas about the flood and assembles the pontoon in the rooftop (another moronic activity on the grounds that the rooftop is an inept spot to fabricate a vessel!) and how he is totally unmindful of what Alison and Nicholas are doing while he is in the rooftop constructing the pontoon. Another case of Johns ineptitude is that as opposed to attempting to get some answers concerning Nicholas and Alison, he attempts to help Nicholas since he is turning out to be worried that he invests all his energy in his room which is amusing on the grounds that Nicholas is really plotting an approach to win Alison (Johns spouse) over. On line 354 John really feels frustrated about Nicholas Me reweth soore of hende Nicholas. This persuades us regarding his guilelessness further. Supposedly on, John gets more idiotic as he is the key individual in Nicholass plot. We discover Johns jokes more amusing in light of the fact that we never get an opportunity to identify with him; on the off chance that we did, at that point we probably won't discover the way that the entire plot spins around Alison leaving him and the end part when he is freely scorned for being frantic as entertaining in light of the fact that we would feel frustrated about him as well. A character who totally appears differently in relation to John and who is behind the fundamental humorous plot of the story is the researcher, Nicholas. Nicholas is exceptionally shrewd. He should be a good researcher who contemplates crystal gazing yet he isnt he is rough and an average case of British cleverness. A case of this is when Absolon comes to Alisons window to charm her and Nicholas pulls a prank on him. We would anticipate that Nicholas should accomplish something privileged yet he doesnt. As it says on line 698 This Nicholas anon leet fle a fart Nicholas is extremely unrefined and not at all like how he should be. The exercise with Nicholass character is dont judge by appearance. We anticipate that him should be a cliché researcher however he isnt. Nicholas is a key individual in the joke of Courtly Love in the story. He isn't really a subject yet he has a large number of the characteristics for it. He has strength and in this manner roughness which we wouldnt anticipate from a researcher. We can see a case of this on line 168 And prively he caughte recruit by the queynte. This implies he snatched Alison by the thighs and that is exceptionally abnormal which shows intensity. This makes him a hilarious character since he is so un cliché that it is amusing. He is additionally a urgent character since he thought of the fundamental amusing plot. .u309dc5492f08f6beb15a8e42ff9b3de5 , .u309dc5492f08f6beb15a8e42ff9b3de5 .postImageUrl , .u309dc5492f08f6beb15a8e42ff9b3de5 .focused content territory { min-tallness: 80px; position: relative; } .u309dc5492f08f6beb15a8e42ff9b3de5 , .u309dc5492f08f6beb15a8e42ff9b3de5:hover , .u309dc5492f08f6beb15a8e42ff9b3de5:visited , .u309dc5492f08f6beb15a8e42ff9b3de5:active { border:0!important; } .u309dc5492f08f6beb15a8e42ff9b3de5 .clearfix:after { content: ; show: table; clear: both; } .u309dc5492f08f6beb15a8e42ff9b3de5 { show: square; progress: foundation shading 250ms; webkit-change: foundation shading 250ms; width: 100%; haziness: 1; change: darkness 250ms; webkit-progress: murkiness 250ms; foundation shading: #95A5A6; } .u309dc5492f08f6beb15a8e42ff9b3de5:active , .u309dc5492f08f6beb15a8e42ff9b3de5:hover { obscurity: 1; progress: mistiness 250ms; webkit-change: haziness 250ms; foundation shading: #2C3E50; } .u309dc5492f08f6beb15a8e42ff9b3de5 .focused content zone { width: 100%; position: relati ve; } .u309dc5492f08f6beb15a8e42ff9b3de5 .ctaText { fringe base: 0 strong #fff; shading: #2980B9; text dimension: 16px; textual style weight: intense; edge: 0; cushioning: 0; content enhancement: underline; } .u309dc5492f08f6beb15a8e42ff9b3de5 .postTitle { shading: #FFFFFF; text dimension: 16px; text style weight: 600; edge: 0; cushioning: 0; width: 100%; } .u309dc5492f08f6beb15a8e42ff9b3de5 .ctaButton { foundation shading: #7F8C8D!important; shading: #2980B9; outskirt: none; outskirt span: 3px; box-shadow: none; text dimension: 14px; textual style weight: striking; line-stature: 26px; moz-fringe sweep: 3px; content adjust: focus; content enrichment: none; content shadow: none; width: 80px; min-stature: 80px; foundation: url( arrow.png)no-rehash; position: supreme; right: 0; top: 0; } .u309dc5492f08f6beb15a8e42ff9b3de5:hover .ctaButton { foundation shading: #34495E!important; } .u309dc5492f08f6 beb15a8e42ff9b3de5 .focused content { show: table; stature: 80px; cushioning left: 18px; top: 0; } .u309dc5492f08f6beb15a8e42ff9b3de5-content { show: table-cell; edge: 0; cushioning: 0; cushioning right: 108px; position: relative; vertical-adjust: center; width: 100%; } .u309dc5492f08f6beb15a8e42ff9b3de5:after { content: ; show: square; clear: both; } READ: Bean Trees By Kingsolver EssayThe character which the three men are battling for is Alison. The delightful spouse of John the Carpenter. The portrayal of her in lines 125 to 162 is exceptionally point by point. It says that she is therwithal (lovely), yonge (youthful), hir mouth was sweet as bragot or the meeth (pleasantly spoken) ful more brilliant was the shynyng of hir hewe (more brilliant then another coin) From her portrayal by the mill operator who is a lot of like the craftsman (her better half), we would believe that Alison was a type of a goddess yet she is really a nation vixen. Like Nicholas, she is additionally one who ought to be more similar to her depiction and like a cliché rich keeps an eye on little girl who has had a decent childhood yet she is the direct inverse of that. She is normal and rough. We can see a case of Alisons roughness on line 624 And at the wyndow out she putte hir opening. Which implies that she put her bum out of the window for Absolon to kiss rather than her face and that isn't something that somebody like Alison should be would do. She at that point gives us how frightful she is by then snickering at him. Alison likewise adds to the Mock Courtliness in the story. At the point when she dismisses Nicholas just because, she responds in an over overstated sensational way precisely like elegant sweethearts do on lines 176 to 178 I wol nat kisse thee, by my fey! Why, lat be! quod she. Lat be Nicholas, Or I wol crie out, harrow and allas! Alison carries amusingness to the story by being the lady in the center that everybody cherishes and she likewise has a major influence in Nicholass plot. The last character and accordingly the most clever character in A Millers Tale is Absolon. Absolon is the direct inverse of the Carpenter and Miller. He is a key individual in the joke of Courtly Love in the Millers Tale. Absolon is the one admirer that attempts to charm Alison that has a conventional sentimental demeanor to pursuing. He is the casualty of Alisons disdain (on line 600 Go fro the wyndow, Jakke fool) and gets just one kiss which he understands isn't what it shows up (on line 626 But with his mouth he kiste hir exposed ers). Absolons sentimental gestures cause him to seem silly. The Miller mockingly notes on how Absolon brushed his wavy fair hair to set himself up for Alison, a farce of elegant love and sentiment and the mill operator and the woodworker have no utilization for it.

Thursday, July 23, 2020

Book Riots Deals of the Day for October 3rd, 2018

Book Riots Deals of the Day for October 3rd, 2018 Sponsored by After the Fire by Will Hill Todays Featured Deals The Fifth Season by N.K. Jemisin for $2.99.  Get it here, or just click on the cover image below. Bruja Born by Zoraida Córdova  for $3.49.  Get it here, or just click on the cover image below. Plenty by Yotam Ottolenghi for $2.99.  Get it here, or just click on the cover image below. In Case You Missed Yesterdays Most Popular Deals Buttermilk Graffiti by Edward Lee for $2.99.  Get it here, or just click on the cover image below. Saga Volume 1 by Brian Vaughan and Fiona Staples for $3.99.  Get it here, or just click on the cover image below. Previous daily deals that are still active (as of this writing at least). Get em while theyre hot. Truly Madly Guilty by Liane Moriarty for $3.99 The Book Thief by Markus Zusak for $2.99 The Leavers by Lisa Ko for $3.99 Magpie Murders by Anthony Horowitz for $2.99 Prime Meridian by Silvia Moreno-Garcia for $0.99 Anne Of Green Gables Collection by Lucy Maud Montgomery for $0.99 Sister Outsider: Essays and Speeches by Audre Lorde for $1.99 White Trash by Nancy Isenberg for $1.99 Swing Time by Zadie Smith for $1.99 Strangers in Their Own Land by Arlie Russell Hochschild for $2.99 Crooked Letter, Crooked Letter by Tom Franklin for $1.99 Unmasked by the Marquess by Cat Sebastian for $0.99 The Left Hand of Darkness by Ursula K. Le Guin for $1.99 Behold the Dreamers by Imbolo Mbue for $2.99 Gods, Monsters, and the Lucky Peach by Kelly Robson for $3.99 Jade City by Fonda Lee for $2.99 The Bone Clocks by David Mitchell for $2.99 Undeniable by Bill Nye for $2.99 Ida: A Sword Among Lions by Paula J. Giddings for $2.99 Off Base by Annabeth Albert for $1.99 Among the Mad by Jacqueline Winspear for $3.99 The Princess Bride by William Goldman for $3.49 Smoke and Pickles by Edward Lee for $2.99 Will It Waffle?: 53 Irresistible and Unexpected Recipes to Make in a Waffle Iron by Daniel Shumski for $1.99 Servant of the Underworld (Obsidian and Blood Book 1) by Aliette de Bodard for $0.99 The Girl of Fire and Thorns by Rae Carson for $3.99 The Ballad of Black Tom by Victor LaValle for $3.99 The Missing File by D. A. Mishani for $1.99 The Storytellers Secret by Sejal Badani for $4.99 Dragonflight: Volume I in The Dragonriders of Pern by Anne McCaffrey for $2.99 The Traitor Baru Cormorant by Seth Dickinson for $2.99 A Curious Beginning by Deanna Raybourn for $2.99 The Inexplicable Logic of My Life by Benjamin Alire Sáenz for $2.99 Lady Bridgets Diary by Maya Rodale for $1.99 Infomocracy by Malka Older for $2.99 The Witchs Daughter by Paula Brackston for $2.99 Let the Right One In by John Ajvide Lindqvist for $2.99 No One Is Coming to Save Us by Stephanie Powell Watts for $1.99 The City of Brass by S. A. Chakraborty for $1.99 Mules and Men by Zora Neale Hurston for $1.99 I Contain Multitudes by Ed Yong for $2.99 A Gentlemans Position by KJ Charles for $4.99 American Street by Ibi Zoboi for $1.99 Carve the Mark by Veronia Roth for $1.99 The Gentlemans Guide to Vice and Virtue by Mackenzi Lee for $1.99 The Black Gods Drums by P. Djèlí Clark for $3.99 George by Alex Gino for $3.99 The Meg by Steve Alten for $4.99 Happy Dreams by Jia Pingwa, translated by Nicky Harman for $3.99 My Soul to Keep (African Immortals series) by Tananarive Due for $3.99 Strange Practice (A Dr. Greta Helsing Novel) by Vivian Shaw for $2.99 The Duchess Deal: Girl Meets Duke by Tessa Dare for $1.99 Trail of Broken Wings by Sejal Badani for $4.49 The Son of the Dawn by Cassandra Clare and Sarah Rees Brennan for $1.49 Destinys Captive by Beverly Jenkins for $1.99 Olive Kitteridge by Elizabeth Strout for $2.99 The Black Tides of Heaven by JY Yang for $3.99 Howls Moving Castle by Diana Wynne Jones for $3.99 Binti, Binti: Home, and Binti: The Night Masquerade by Nnedi Okorafor for $3.99 A Rogue By Any Other Name by Sarah MacLean for $1.99 Half-Resurrection Blues by Daniel José Older for $2.99 His Majesty’s Dragon by Naomi Novik for $2.99 Assassin’s Apprentice (The Farseer Trilogy, Book 1) by Robin Hobb for $2.99 Outlander: A Novel (Outlander, Book 1) by Diana Gabaldon for $3.99 The Invisible Library by Genevieve Cogman for $2.99 The Ruin of a Rake by Cat Sebastian for $2.99 The Price of Salt by Patricia Highsmith for $0.99 Sign up for our Book Deals newsletter and get up to 80% off books you actually want to read.

Friday, May 22, 2020

St. Pauls Cathedral in London - 1284 Words

St. Pauls Cathedral in London is the seat of the Bishop of London and a major London landmark. It is located on Ludgate Hill in the financial district known as the City of London. The present St. Pauls Cathedral, which was built between 1675 and 1710, is the fourth cathedral to occupy the site, which was sacred even before Christianity arrived. The cathedrals immediate predecessor was destroyed in the Great Fire of London in 1666. The cathedral enjoyed by visitors today was designed by court architect Sir Christopher Wren. Wrens original, grander plan met with considerable resistance from the conservative Dean and Chapter. The present building reflects a compromise, but still reflects the grandeur of Wrens design. History†¦show more content†¦Michael and St. George is across from St. Dunstans on the right side (south aisle). This was originally the consistory court - the place where the bishop sat in judgment over the clergy, or priests. It was used as a studio for the construction of Wellingtons monument between 1858 and 1878. Crypt St. Pauls substantial cathedral crypt contains over 200 memorials as well as another chapel and the treasury. Members of the royal family are buried in Westminster Abbey, but many other notable figures are buried in St. Pauls Cathedral crypt, such as Florence Nightengale and Lord Nelson. Sir Christopher Wren, the architect of the cathedral, was fittingly the first person to be buried here, in 1723. The inscription on his burial slab states, Reader, if you seek his memorial, look all around you. Look for Wrens tomb all the way to the east end of the crypt, under the altar. Dome and Galleries The inside of the dome is decorated with frescos by Sir James Thornhill, the most important painter of Wrens time. The dome contains three circular galleries - the internal Whispering Gallery, the external Stone Gallery and the external Golden Gallery. The Whispering Gallery derives its name from its unusual acoustics, which cause whispers to echo around the dome. Choir The choir extends to the east end of the dome. It is home to the cathedrals great organ, which was ommissioned in 1694. The current instrument is the thirdShow MoreRelated St. Pauls Cathedral in London, England Essay1121 Words   |  5 Pages St. Paul’s Cathedral, in London, England, was designed by architect Sir Christopher Wren. Approval of this most significant architectural project took six years just for the plan. Construction, which began in 1675, took thirty-five years until finally complete in 1710. It was built to replace a church that had been leveled by the Great Fire of 1666. St. Pauls is the largest cathedral in England, and said to be Wrens masterpiece. He brought a range of new forms, and architectural combination intoRead MoreSt. Paul s Cathedral1104 Words   |  5 PagesSt. Paul’s Cathedral is an English Baroque styled cathedral dedicated to Paul of Apostle and the second cathedral to be built on the same site, first being Old St. Paul’s Cathedral which was also dedicated to Paul of Apostle. It is located in the City of London, England. The Fourth St. Paul’s, more commonly known as Old St. Paul’s Cathedral, was built by the Normans in 1087. The Normans, who in recent times had just conquered Britain, and were determined to build the largest Christian church inRead MoreDiscussing Christopher Wren s Cathedral1842 Words   |  8 PagesHUM 102-301 10/15/16 Research paper St. Paul Cathedral Introduction: This semester my paper will be discussing Christopher Wren’s building â€Å"St. Paul’s Cathedral†, and why St. Paul’s Cathedral is considered to be the most important and famous masterpiece of England’s architecture? The St. Paul Cathedral of Sir Christopher Wren was chosen because it is famously interpreted in the baroque style in England, and dominated English architecture. St. Paul’s cathedral is one of the most famous importantRead MoreEssay about Christopher Wren’s Designs for St. Paul’s Cathedral1735 Words   |  7 PagesAnalyse the evolution of Christopher Wren’s designs for St. Paul’s Cathedral. From as early as before the Great Fire of London, Christopher Wren was involved in architectural projects for St. Paul’s cathedral. The evolution of his designs for the new St Paul’s began with his ideas for the old; the evolution of his designs were a process of both creation and reinvention. Starting with the vision he never lost - of the London skyline marked by a grand dome landmark - he endured the problems of buildingRead MoreSt. Pauls Cathedral: Sir Christopher Wren Essay1802 Words   |  8 PagesSt. Pauls Cathedral St. Pauls Cathedral has had a very interesting and long history. It involves natural disasters, sabotage, invasions, lies, and deception. It has been through a lot over the many years of its existence, including several reconstructions. While there has been many changes to it, the one thing that could be counted on was the fact that there was always something unexpected happening to it. Even though St. Pauls Cathedral has had some hard times, it has re-bounded with theRead More The Blitz and St Pauls Cathedral Essay4122 Words   |  17 PagesBlitz and St Pauls Cathedral When the Blitz began over Britain in the fall of 1940, Londoners were frightened and unsure of what the Nazis had in store for them. However, their uneasy emotions would later change into feelings of nationalistic pride and perseverance, as London became a city full of active resistors to the Nazi forces. This change would be prompted from a variety of sources, including Winston Churchill, the media, as well as the emergence of inspirational symbols. St. Pauls CathedralRead MoreThe London Off Of A Global Movement896 Words   |  4 PagesOn October 15, 2011, Occupy London included almost three thousand people gathered outside of the St Paul’s Cathedral. This paper will address how the London off shoot of a global movement, Occupy London (OL), addressed social and economic inequality within England. It will also discuss how OL has tried to revolutionize the social and economic inequality. Then, the paper will address an overall evaluation of the movement as a whole. The paper w ill argue that Occupy London is a part of a successful movementRead MoreReflection Of English Literature : My Experience Of British Literature1031 Words   |  5 PagesI traveled to London in November of 2016. On that trip, everything I had learned about British literature, as well as England as a country, was placed into my life, outside of the classroom. I saw the Sutton Hoo Treasures in the British Museum, the burial place of Geoffrey Chaucer at Westminster Abbey, and stepped foot into St. Paul’s Cathedral where John Donne served as Dean. Although at first, I thought English IV was going to be another bland English course, on my trip to London I learned theRead MoreOccupy London Stock Exchange and the European Convention on Human Rights1255 Words   |  6 PagesOn the 15th and 16th day of October 2011, some protestors, led by Tammy Samende and having George Barda and Daniel Ashman, among others, pitched a protest camp in St Paul’s Churchyard. The protesters set up between 150 and 200 tents in the churchyard, with some tents serving as accommodation for the protestors. Other tents were allocated different activities including setting up temporary first aid centres, a learning centre, named Tent City University, and a children’s place. The tents occupiedRead MoreSt. Paul s Cathedral1757 Words   |  8 PagesLondon is a city that is steeped in rich history and has many cultural influences that have affected everything from the way that Londoners speak down to the architecture. One of the most influential buildings in this time is one that dominated the London skyline as a reference point for 300 years up until the 1960’s, and that is Wren’s St. Paul’s Cathedral. This building has been recorded to be in existence on its site as early as the 604, but it could have been around as early as the 400’s. St

Thursday, May 7, 2020

The Italian Kingdom Of Sicily - 1363 Words

The year is 1375 and the setting is the Italian Kingdom of Sicily. The Medieval era is drawing to a close. In addition, I am literate and study the writings of great religious thinkers that influence the world today. The late Medieval period witnessed the rise of the religious movement which was lead by Thomas Aquinas who invented the Thomistic way of thought which was based around Medieval scholasticism. He revolutionized the catholic church beginning in 1245 when he moved to Paris and studied under Albertus the Great. I am a monk who studies in a monastery similar to one that Thomas Aquinas studied in his earlier years. I, like Aquinas, was originally a Benedictine monk who realized the wrongs associated with living an opulent lifestyle†¦show more content†¦His mindset was based around the fact that there is another dimension that contains the perfect form of everything. This mindset is very difficult to understand and â€Å"see† because it involves a lot of conceptualization which is hard to prove correct or incorrect (Journal Class 2). This is why I, like Thomas Aquinas try to see the world through a realistic lens created by Aristotle. Aristotle studied under Plato at his school but disagreed with his theory of forms when he said that â€Å"Knowledge is through sensory perceptions† (Thomas Aquinas Youtube). He believed that we know things because we experience them (Journal Class 3). This concept is much easier to understand and is typically a more practical view of the w orld around us. Thomas Aquinas build off of this idea when he said that â€Å"Grace perfects nature.† I have been studying the phrase by Thomas Aquinas that â€Å"Grace perfects nature† and have come to the conclusion that nature is the world around us that we feel and experience things like Aristotle said that we do and Grace is the power of God, which is all around us. The Thomistic way of thought claims that we can use our experiences in life to prove Gods existence. The laws of nature help to support God and the power that he provides (Tarnas: The Quest of Thomas Aquinas). Thomas Aquinas likes categories like Aristotle and divided our thoughts into two distinct categories, Preambles and Mysteries. Preambles are known by nature and past

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

An Effective Strategy Negotiation Free Essays

Crouching behind a tight cordon of panda cars, the weather-beaten SWAT team leader, complete with cap, bulletproof vest and loud-hailer, looks up to the third-floor window, clears his throat, and announces: ‘You might as well give yourself up, Kowalski, we’ve got the place surrounded. ‘ His craggy face is bathed in the soft amber glow of the street light and a small bead of sweat moves slowly down his temple. Kowalski, a wily old stager with deep pockmarks and a broken nose, is having none of it. We will write a custom essay sample on An Effective Strategy Negotiation or any similar topic only for you Order Now After all, he has the (rather attractive blonde) hostage securely tied up and there happens to be a fridge full of beer in the office he’s holed up in. So it’s a complete stalemate. Kowalski and his nemesis are simply going to have to start negotiating. In this case, negotiation is more likely to be resolved in a bloody shoot-out. In the workplace, of course, negotiations generally don’t tend to be conducted under such tense or dangerous circumstances. They do, however, take place on a daily, even hourly, basis. In fact, they have become such a regular and ingrained part of working life that participants can readily enter into them without even realising that’s what they’re doing. Before we proceed, it is probably worth defining our terms, or at least borrowing a definition from personnel consultant Alan Fowler’s book, Negotiating, Persuading and Influencing. Fowler explains that ‘negotiation occurs whenever there is an issue that cannot be resolved by one person acting alone; it occurs when the two (or more) people who have to be involved begin with different views on how to proceed, or have different aims for the outcome. There are two situations in which negotiation does not or cannot occur: when one of the persons immediately agrees to what the Other is asking or suggesting; and when one of the two adamantly refuses to even discuss the matter. ‘ You can see that the term covers a multitude of scenarios, from the widely reported collective pay-bargaining conducted by union officials and management representatives, to the more mundane business of negotiating a lease on a property or a supplier’s contract. Negotiation is also a key component in inter-office relationships, in instances where managers have no linear authority over a particular colleague but need to persuade them to perform a specific task. Here, the negotiation is a tacit IOU- you’ve done me a favour, so I’ll return it at a later date when you might need it. ‘Managers are doing it all the time,’ confirms Roger Moores, an associate of the Industrial Society, who runs courses in negotiation and associated skills. ‘I usually start my courses by asking how many of the people there are negotiators. Not many hands go up but, by the end of the session, they realise they do it all the time. We use the language of negotiation all the time too. It’s a language that even children understand, based on the words â€Å"if† and â€Å"then†. â€Å"If you do this for me, then I’ll do that. † In theory, it’s all wonderfully simple. ‘ Scores of self-help and how-to books have been written on the subject but the theorists by and large fall into two camps. There are experts, such as authors Fowler and Gavin Kennedy, who look at negotiation as a stage-by-stage process, comprising preparation, discussion, proposal, bargaining and finally closing. And then there’s the American model, epitomised by the seminal text, Getting to Yes by William Ury, which is more focused on personal relations within the workplace. As Moores rightly points out, the two approaches are by no means mutually exclusive. Though representative bodies such as the Institute of Personnel and Development and the Industrial Society offer dedicated courses on negotiation skills, the majority of managers in small to medium-sized businesses don’t have the time or inclination to attend them. A few common-sense pointers, however, go a long way. The first is to recognise when it is actually appropriate to negotiate. ‘If managers negotiated everything, there wouldn’t be time to do anything,’ reasons Moores. â€Å"There are occasions when orders and dictatorship are required too. ‘ If a matter or issue is definitely worth negotiating, the next step is toassess its merits and how much time you can afford to devote to it. According to all the various pundits, the key to successful negotiation is all in the preparation. They insist that skills and techniques are generally acquired through practice and experience, and that preparatory work and patience will generally stand you in better stead than the gift of the gab or an aggressive stance. There is no point walking into an important negotiation session hoping to wing it. ‘Some people are naturally better [at negotiating] than others,’ says Fowler. ‘It requires a certain amount of quick thinking and ability to respond quickly. You also need the confidence to be able to say â€Å"Look, you’ve raised something new. Can we adjourn this meeting and continue tomorrow, by which time I’ll have been able to gather my thoughts? † It’s important to know your own style and be comfortable with it. If you’re stepping too far outside of yourself, you can end up seeming artificial. ‘ Yet Chris Grice, an assistant director of ACAS, the conciliation and arbitration service which has dragged countless industrial relations negotiations back from the brink, believes negotiation skills are more about nurture than nature. ‘There’s a question as to whether negotiating is an art or a science,’ he says. You can be taught good negotiation, so I’d say it’s a science†¦ Being taught how to mix colours doesn’t make you an artist. You can learn about negotiation strategy, how to read a situation, when the tune is right to confront an issue and when to apply a variety of different processes. Preparation is an often neglected area. If you’re negotiating about pay, for example, you should be aware of the going rate, affordability and any other interested parties before you go in. You need to be able to anticipate the other party’s moves. ‘ While Grice admits that some of the negotiations he is called in to rbitrate are conducted in what he – with admirable understatement – describes as an ‘adversarial atmosphere’ (potentially explosive in other words), he reckons that overall he has witnessed as much civility as hostility. This, he believes, is because most of the participants at this level of negotiation tend to be astute practitioners, who realise that prickliness and emotional involvement will only hamper their efforts. ‘Some of the best negotiators are mild-mannered but persuasive people,’ says Grice. ‘They know exactly where they want to be and realise they can get there in a civilised manner. After all, you’ve got more in your toolbox than a hammer. ‘ One problem often leads to another. A manager may feel it necessary to cut overtime. The employees are unhappy and threaten industrial action but the manager should avoid the immediate reaction to sack the ringleader. By doing so, the manager would have two problems to cope with instead of one. It is important to keep one topic in focus at a time. An ‘easy does it’ ethos is especially important in small to medium-sized businesses, which rely on establishing and maintaining an ongoing network of reliable suppliers and subcontractors. If parties leave a negotiation feeling hard done by, the relationship is unlikely to be sustainable for any length of time. ‘The main point is to make the person you’re negotiating with think that they have achieved the best deal possible,’ says Frank Kings, managing director of Sovereign Contracts, a Midlands-based shop-fitting concern, whose clients include IBM, SmithKline Beecham and Warwick University. ‘I’m always looking for repeat business, so negotiation is as much about building a long-term relationship as striking the best deal at that particular moment. One should always try to take a longer-term view. ‘ Susan Croft, a trainer at the Aziz Corporation, which specialises in spoken-communication skills training for business, shares Kings’ views. Negotiations, she maintains, are not necessarily confrontational, just a necessary means of ensuring that two or more parties are satisfied with their lot. ‘In a â€Å"win-lose† situation, you may have won the battle but not the long-term war,’ Croft says. ‘You don’t want the person you’re negotiating with to be checking for their arms and legs on the way out. ‘ A degree of emotional detachment is a must. Losing your cool may mean losing the thread and the advantage. Concentration is also essential. The best negotiators are good listeners and observers too. By keeping your eyes and ears open, you can pick up valuable clues as to where the other side is prepared to compromise or where there are flaws in their argument, which you can exploit later. If you are so utterly determined to put across your own points, you may not hear what the other side is saying. Their position may have changed and your initial standpoint may no longer be relevant or valid. Similarly, the other party should not be given too many hints. It is worth keeping your cards close to your chest in a negotiation. Don’t give away more information than you have to. Release nuggets sporadically and tactically when you feel they will make the most impact. Be aware of your body language because you might be revealing more than you think through your movements and mannerisms. If you look hard enough and think laterally, there are usually ways and means of clinching a mutually beneficial deal through negotiation. Phil Jones, managing director of Real Time, the London-based interactive design studio, recalls two recent instances where new clients wanted to launch internet web sites but didn’t have the requisite budgets. They were the type of high-profile clients and creatively challenging projects that Real Time was keen to get involved in, however. ‘If it’s a job you really want to do, you can always find a way of doing it,’ maintains Jones. The first was for the Formula 1 motor-racing team, Williams Motorsport: ‘They made the balance up in contra deals, mainly in tickets to some of the major Formula 1 meetings. ‘ The tickets are like gold dust, of course, and can be used as a pat on the back for staff, or as an opportunity to pamper existing clients or woo new ones. Diesel, the Italian clothing manufacturer, which is quietly stealing a march on its rivals in the UK jeans market, approached Real Time towards the end of the financial year, when its promotional budget was running perilously low. Real Time managed to negotiate further projects the following year for completing the initial job an e-commerce site that allows ordering of clothes over the internet – at a cut-price rate. Every job is like that. You have to be flexible to get the business,’ says Jones. Indeed, he is currently negotiating a deal with the Football Association for an e-commerce web site dedicated to the UK bid for the 2006 World Cup. Real Time was responsible for the bid’s logo and original web site. ‘The FA have a limited budget to spend across a range of media, so I’m talking to them about perhaps receiving a percentage of what’s sold from the new site,’ he explains. ‘That’s really putting your money where your mouth is. ‘ Negotiation, then, is primarily about effective communication. Communicating what you want and what you have to offer, and then marrying that up with another party’s requirements. A bit of imagination, flexibility and a well-considered strategy can go along way to meeting these ends. It is also worth remembering that how you put it is often as important as what you’re actually saying. ‘You should always try to express things in ways the other parties find palatable, so that no one loses face,’ says Grice of ACAS. ‘Packaging is half the battle. ‘ How to cite An Effective Strategy Negotiation, Essay examples

Monday, April 27, 2020

Xerox Argumentative Essay Example For Students

Xerox Argumentative Essay COUNTRY ISSUESCulture, Social, and Demographics:When examining any company and their possible expansion into new markets you must first examine the culture, social, and demographic issues impacting foreign businesses. The Colombian culture has begun to show a bias towards American products as recently as 1998. As written in Carol Caspers New York Times article, There is a lot of interest in U.S. concepts and products; in not only Colombia but also all of Latin America. The interest has caused more American firms to begin to see these developing attitudes and expand their businesses into Latin America. For Xerox to also take part in this expansion they would be able to take advantage of the new interest. Colombians, although, are not welcoming these companies with open arms. There is an interest in the U.S. businesses but as Dianna Jean Schemo reports; it is not uncommon to be threatened by the cartels of Colombia. These cartels want in on the inflow of money and will get involved in kidnappings and murderer if they see it necessary. In 1996, the last year these figures are available, the Federal Bureau of Investigation reported 19,645 homicides while in Colombia there were 26,627. For the fear of being on the wrong end of such instances American businesses need to be extra careful when trying to penetrate the Colombian marketplace. Xerox would not be as impacted by the threat of cartel interference. The cartels become more involved with restaurants and oil companies that have developed in Colombia. They have not developed any interest in the technology industry as of yet. We will write a custom essay on Xerox Argumentative specifically for you for only $16.38 $13.9/page Order now Colombia has a population of 37 million Spanish-speaking people. The annual growth rate is 1.7% and 95% of the population is Roman Catholic. In the urban areas a 93% literacy rate was found, as opposed to a 67% literacy rate in rural areas. This is due to the fact that only five years of primary school are offered in rural areas. This information regarding the population is encouraging. Although the rural populations literacy rate is low, the urban rate is quite high for a Latin American country. This rate leads me to believe that for Xerox to expand in this market with its technology/communication equipment would not be a problem. The majority of the targeted population where Xerox would be selling their products could understand the benefits of their product and would want to purchase Xerox products. Political/Governmental Concerns:Colombia has both political and economic stability that is uncommon to Latin American countries. Colombia also enjoys low inflation as compared to other South American countries. The government of Colombia is a unitary republic, made up of an executive branch, National Congress, and Constitutional Court. The government creates economic and social development plans annually. The executive branch of the government is responsible for forming the plans in detail. There is a trade barrier that must be registered with Incomex (official foreign trade institution). Payments of invisible imports such as acquisition of technology must be paid to them. The interaction of the government with economic and social issues will help Xerox to expand into this country. By Colombia having an Americanized government system in place that has become stable, it will greatly help foreign countries to become interested and to invest in this nation. Colombia tries to also maintain and encourage foreign investment. The regulatory climate consists of National Planning Department, Central Bank, Ministry of Mines and Energy, Banking Superintendency, and Securities Superintendency. Foreign investment is permitted in all economic activities except those related to defenses or national security, and dangerous refuse. This lack of restrictions enables Xerox to freely move in and establish itself in Colombia. .u34e0c7e7a6940694a82e8cdfcc0584bc , .u34e0c7e7a6940694a82e8cdfcc0584bc .postImageUrl , .u34e0c7e7a6940694a82e8cdfcc0584bc .centered-text-area { min-height: 80px; position: relative; } .u34e0c7e7a6940694a82e8cdfcc0584bc , .u34e0c7e7a6940694a82e8cdfcc0584bc:hover , .u34e0c7e7a6940694a82e8cdfcc0584bc:visited , .u34e0c7e7a6940694a82e8cdfcc0584bc:active { border:0!important; } .u34e0c7e7a6940694a82e8cdfcc0584bc .clearfix:after { content: ""; display: table; clear: both; } .u34e0c7e7a6940694a82e8cdfcc0584bc { display: block; transition: background-color 250ms; webkit-transition: background-color 250ms; width: 100%; opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #95A5A6; } .u34e0c7e7a6940694a82e8cdfcc0584bc:active , .u34e0c7e7a6940694a82e8cdfcc0584bc:hover { opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #2C3E50; } .u34e0c7e7a6940694a82e8cdfcc0584bc .centered-text-area { width: 100%; position: relative ; } .u34e0c7e7a6940694a82e8cdfcc0584bc .ctaText { border-bottom: 0 solid #fff; color: #2980B9; font-size: 16px; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; text-decoration: underline; } .u34e0c7e7a6940694a82e8cdfcc0584bc .postTitle { color: #FFFFFF; font-size: 16px; font-weight: 600; margin: 0; padding: 0; width: 100%; } .u34e0c7e7a6940694a82e8cdfcc0584bc .ctaButton { background-color: #7F8C8D!important; color: #2980B9; border: none; border-radius: 3px; box-shadow: none; font-size: 14px; font-weight: bold; line-height: 26px; moz-border-radius: 3px; text-align: center; text-decoration: none; text-shadow: none; width: 80px; min-height: 80px; background: url(; position: absolute; right: 0; top: 0; } .u34e0c7e7a6940694a82e8cdfcc0584bc:hover .ctaButton { background-color: #34495E!important; } .u34e0c7e7a6940694a82e8cdfcc0584bc .centered-text { display: table; height: 80px; padding-left : 18px; top: 0; } .u34e0c7e7a6940694a82e8cdfcc0584bc .u34e0c7e7a6940694a82e8cdfcc0584bc-content { display: table-cell; margin: 0; padding: 0; padding-right: 108px; position: relative; vertical-align: middle; width: 100%; } .u34e0c7e7a6940694a82e8cdfcc0584bc:after { content: ""; display: block; clear: both; } READ: Black Holes As Future Power Plants EssayRestrictions on goods imported to Colombia are minimal. The process involves preparing a pro forma invoice, effecting an import registration at Incomex, shipping the goods with a final invoice, clearing customs, and remittance of payment on the currency of the exporter or in U.S. dollars through an authorized exchange intermediary. Again the lack of restrictions would allow Xerox to enter the Colombian market with few barriers. Macroeconomic issues :In Colombia there are macroeconomic conditions that could impact Xerox and our decision to expand to the country. Since 1995 Colombias GDP growth percent has plummeted. In 1995 it was 5.7 , down to 2.1 in 1996 and in 1997 it fell further to 2.0. This trend is quite alarming for not only Xerox but also other countries that wish to expand their market to Colombia. Colombia also has an unemployment, which has steadily risen since 1995. The unemployment rate was 9.5% in 1995 then 11.3% in 1996 and finally 12.2% in 1997. This happened while the labor force rose in these years by 366,000. This will help us to be able to find workers but whether or not they are capable employees in the technology industry is yet to be seen. If the employment has occurred in the agriculture rather then in the urban area there is a better chance that the unemployed could be illiterate. Advertising is also an interesting subject. At least 50% of programmed advertising broad cast on television must have local content. It is also required to have use of a Colombian trademark in order to exercise trademark protection in Colombia. These policies seem antiquated as compared to those of the United States and should definitely be addressed. As a company Xerox must determine whether they can get a Colombian trademark first and then whether they can advertise while involving local content. Advertising is a key part of our success in Colombia so these factors are of key importance. Exchange Rates:The Colombian Peso has remained relatively stable in the past few years. This historic stability has been highlighted recently by a strengthening of the U.S. dollar as compared to the Colombian Peso. At the end of March 1998 the period principal exchange rate was 1,358.03 Colombian Pesos equal $1. This number has consistently been increasing since early 1997. This is appealing for us as a potential investor. With our U.S. dollars we can get more Colombian Pesos for our money. From past data it only seems that this trend will only continue so investment with regards to exchange rate issues is promising. FIRM ; INDUSTRY ISSUESFirms Current Financial Condition :As Xerox we have developed from the Copier Company; to the Document Company;. This conversion has taken us into newer and expanded markets. At year-end of 1998 our revenue was $19.4 billion. Of this revenue the United States accounted for $10.1 billion, Europe and other countries accounted for $5.8 billion and Latin America and Canada accounted for $3.5 billion. These numbers show the international interest that Xerox has pursued recently. In this pursuit, however, Xerox has maintained its strategic intent in being the leader in the global document market, and providing document solutions that enhance our customers business productivity. We plan on doing this by providing global document solutions that bring together our leading-edge technology, the widest array of digital hardware in the industry, sophisticated software, services, teams of industry-focused sales representatives and consultants, and a growing network of indirec t sales channels. Demand conditions:Current Competitors in the Industry:Production Costs for the Industry:Tariffs and Trade Restrictions specific to the Industry :Xerox is forced to deal with Colombias trade restrictions if we want to expand to this country. Colombia imposes a 7% tax on products other than foods and basic medications, along with a tax on income unless it stays in Colombia. The blunt of Colombian restrictions on imports, however, lies on the agricultural end. Due to this Xerox after registering with the government can receive relatively little resistance from the Colombian government to invest in the country.